Wednesday, June 4, 2014

Spring Semester Exam Review Quick Sheet

What I Need to Review for Test!

·      Cycled matter is the relationship between nonliving and living
·      Know everything about genetics
o  Where DNA is found in cell
o  Genetic instructions = heredity
o  How traits are passed down to generations
·      Know all animal cell organelles and their functions
·      Know all plant cell organelles and their functions
·      Be able to compare plant and animal cells
·      Know Ecological Succession
o  Primary
o  Secondary
o  Climax Community = stability
·      Know all plant structures and their functions
·      Know the animal adaptations for both Tropical Rainforest and Deciduous Forest
·      Know how to calculate WORK (W=Force x Distance)
·      Know all Living Systems and how they work together
·      Know examples of how biodiversity occurs
·      Know beak shape vs. food type
·      Know natural selection and examples of it
·      Know how to read a dichotomous key
·      Know plant adaptations for both Tropical Rainforest and Deciduous Forest
·      Know advantages and disadvantages of sexual and asexual reproduction
·      Know and understand how pollution effects watershed
·      Know the effects of forest fires on the ecosystem
·      Know the Steps of the Scientific Method
o  Be able to use the steps to complete a Science Lab Report
·      Know how to complete and read a graph using data from an experiment

Friday, May 23, 2014

Week-at-a-Glance: May 27-May 30

Monday: HOLIDAY!!! :)

Tuesday:  Rainfall and Birds Beaks Quiz
  Food Chain Gizmo DUE at end of class

Wednesday:  Inheritance Gizmo Review DUE at end of class

Thursday:  Review for Forest Ecosystems Test

Friday:  Forest Ecosystems Test

Monday, May 19, 2014

Forest Ecosystems I-Book Project Rubric

Chapter 1: Rainforest     Chapter 2: Deciduous Forest
                        _____ World Map (location)
                        _____Characteristics/ Interesting Facts
                        _____ Landforms
                        _____ Picture Gallery and Text
                        _____ Average Temperature
                        _____ Average Precipitation
                        _____ Weather Facts
                        _____ Picture Gallery and Text
            Biotic Factors:
                        _____ Five Plants with pictures/
                        _____ Keynote
                        _____ Five Animals with pictures/
                        _____ Keynote
            Interactions among Organisms:
                        _____ One example of Competition
                        _____ One example of predator-prey  
                        _____ Picture of Food Web
                        _____ Picture of Energy Pyramid
                        _____ Pictures with Text
            Ecological Issues/Concerns
                        _____ Catastrophic Events
                        _____ Human Impacts
                        _____ Video
                        _____ Information well planned/Organized
                        _____ Creative/Grabs Audience Attention
                        _____ Professional-like Quality
                        _____ Professional-like Presentation
                        _____ Bibliography

What I liked most about the project:

Friday, May 16, 2014

Week-at-a-Glance: May 19-23

Monday:  Continue to work on I-Book Project

Tuesday:  Natural Selection Gizmo  DUE at end of Class!
  May work on I-Book if time allows!

Wednesday:  Continue to work on I-Book.
  Must be loaded onto I-Pad before end of class today!!

Thursday:  Class I-Book Presentations

Friday: Class I-Book Presentations

Friday, May 9, 2014

Week-at-a-Glance: May 12-16

Monday:  Birds and Beaks Gizmo

Tuesday:  Finish Birds and Beaks Gizmo DUE today!!!
  Work on I-Book when finished with Gizmo
Wednesday:  7th Grade Rewards Trip to Main Event!! :)

Thursday:  Forest Ecosystem Vocabulary Quiz
  Work on I-Book when finished with quiz

Friday:  Work on I-Book

Friday, May 2, 2014

Week-at-a-Glance: May 5-9

Monday:  Measuring Trees Gizmo

Tuesday:  Finish Measuring Trees Gizmo - due at end of class

Wednesday:  Earth's Cycles Foldable: Carbon Cycle, Nitrogen Cycle, Water Cycle

Thursday:  Finish Earth's Cycles Foldable- if needed
   Forest Ecosystems I-Book Project

Friday: Forest Ecosystem I-Book Project
  DUE TODAY:  Forests Biome Vocabulary and W2R

Monday, April 28, 2014

Forest Ecosystems Vocabulary: ISN Page 81 DUE Friday, May 9th

Forest Ecosystems Vocabulary

Tropical Rainforest Biome: a tropical woodland with an annual rainfall of 254 cm and marked by lofty broad-leaved evergreen trees forming a continuous canopy
Temperate Deciduous Forest Biome: a type of forest characterized by trees that seasonally shed their leaves

Forest Floor: the richly organic layer of soil and debris characteristic of forest floor

Understory: a layer of vegetation beneath the main canopy of a forest

Canopy: the uppermost layer in a forest, formed by the tree tops

Emergent: the tallest layer in the rainforest; made up of a few wide, tall trees that grow taller than the trees of the canopy
Deciduous Tree: a tree that sheds (drops) its leaves at the end of the growing season
Diversity: many different types of organisms

Biome: a large region of land with a distinct climate and certain types of plant and animal life
Evaporation: change in matter from a liquid to a gas (vapor)
Precipitation: water falling from clouds in any form, such as rain, snow, sleet, or hail
Climate: the general pattern of weather in a particular part of the world over a long period of time
Temperature: measure of the average kinetic energy of a particle in a substance; measured in degrees Celsius (oC) or degrees Fahrenheit (oF)
Biotic: a living part of an organism’s habitat
Abiotic: a nonliving part of an organism’s habitat
Sustainability: the ability to provide what is needed for organisms to keep living
Adaptation: structure, behavior, or other trait in an organism that helps it to survive in its environment
Dichotomous Key: a system used for identifying plants, animals, rocks, or minerals that is made up of a series of paired descriptions to choose from
Trophic Levels: the position that an organism occupies in a food chain; what it eats and what eats it
Energy Pyramid: a diagram that shows the flow of energy through a food chain
Ecosystem: all living populations in an area along with the nonliving parts of that environment
Biodiversity: the variety of organisms in a specific environment or on Earth as a whole
Population: all of the members of a species living in a particular area at a particular time
Species: a group of organisms that mate and produce offspring that in turn can produce more offspring
Heredity: passing of traits from one generation to another
Gene: segment of DNA found on a chromosome that determines the inheritance of a particular trait
Chromosome: a structure located in the nucleus of a cell, made of DNA, that contains the genetic information needed to carry out cell functions and make new cells
Nucleus: structure near the center of a cell that contains the cell’s DNA
Cell: the basic unit of structure and function in living things
DNA: the material found in the cell’s nucleus that determines the genetic traits of the organism
Trait: characteristic that an organism can pass onto its offspring through its genes
Genetic: having to do with the passing of traits from parents to offspring
Offspring: what is born from or grows out of a person, animal plant or other organism
Inherited: to receive a trait or characteristic from a parent organism
Reproduction: the process of making more individuals of the same species from a parent organism or organisms
Generation: all of the organisms born in the same period of time
Natural Selection: a process by which individuals that are better adapted to their environment are more likely to survive and reproduce than others of the same species
Selective Breeding: the process of selecting a few organisms with desired traits to serve as parents for the next generation
Sexual: reproduction in which two parents contribute genes to form a new individual
Asexual: reproduction involving only one parent organism
Catastrophic: an event that causes a lot of damage
Deforestation: the removal of trees or a forest by activities such as logging, mining, fire, or volcano
Primary Succession: process by which one community of organisms slowly replaces another in an area that begins on bare rock, new land or where there has never been soil before
Secondary Succession: process by which one community organisms slowly replaces another in an area following an event in which a community is destroyed but the soil remains
Ground Water: water that collects in cracks and spaces in the rock and sediment beneath the Earth’s surface
Surface Water: water on top of the Earth’s surface
Logging: cutting down trees, sawing them into logs, and moving the logs out of the forest
Erosion: movement of sediment by wind, water, ice or gravity
Sediment: small pieces of material that have broken off of rocks and have been deposited by water, wind or ice
Pioneer Species: first organisms to live in an area
Climax Community: a stable point in a community where very few new plants come to an area to grow or animals move into live
Equilibrium: a state in which everything is in balance
Nitrogen Cycle: the movement of nitrogen between the living and nonliving parts of an ecosystem
Water Cycle: cycle in which water moves through the environment through the processes of evaporation, condensation and precipitation
Carbon-Oxygen Cycle: movement of carbon and oxygen between the atmosphere, oceans, plants, animals and the ground
Decomposer: simple organisms such as bacteria or fungi that break down dead organisms and waste, returning important nutrients back into the environment
Decay: breaking down dead plant and animal materials and animal waste, releasing nutrients back into the environment
Biomass: total mass of living organisms in a certain area
Recycle: changing materials into new products to prevent waste
Ammonium: a waste product from animals that is an important source of nitrogen for many types of plants
Nitrogen-Fixing Bacteria: bacteria that change nitrogen from the atmosphere into a nitrogen compound that plants can use
Legumes: a type of plant such as clover, beans, and alfalfa that have nitrogen-fixing bacteria living on the roots in structures called nodules
Respiration: transport of oxygen from the outside air to cells within tissues and the transport of carbon dioxide out of the cells
Carbon Dioxide: CO2; a compound required by plants to carry out photosynthesis that is also given off by animals as a waste product